The Living Planet Index (LPI) from the World Wildlife Fund reported that between 1970 to 2010 there has been a 52% decline in vertebrae species populations on Earth. The study considered 10,380 populations of 3,038 species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish. The most dramatic decline, 83%, was seen in Latin America. Freshwater species were the most impacted with a decline of 73%. The report also found that the primary causes of the decline are habitat loss, degradation and exploitation through hunting and fishing.
It is clear that the culprits are humans. The report states that we need 1.5 Earths in order to “meet the demands humanity currently makes on nature.” In other words, humans need to reduce their overall ecological footprint, most significantly carbon emissions. The United States utilizes 13.7% of the world’s resources landing second only to China who accounts for
about 20% of the world’s demand.
Recently thousands gathered for the People’s Climate March in New York City to shed light on this very problem. The march aimed to put pressure on the world’s leaders to act swiftly in order to address climate change.
Two countries that have been successful in their efforts to reduce their impact on the environment are Denmark and Brazil. By December 2013, 57.4% of Denmark’s electricity was wind powered. Brazil has successfully reduced deforestation by 70 percent and kept 3.2 billion tons of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere in recent years.
Although some critics find the WWF study to be somewhat pessimistic, most agree that there is a lot that can be done to slow down or reverse destruction. As the study states, “the sum of all human demands no longer fits within what nature can renew.”