In some states, the act of entering onto another’s property and recording undercover videos revealing animal cruelty on farms is illegal. At first glance, this is understandable as everyone has an interest in their own property rights. But there’s a catch. What happens when the activities carried out on that land are not only illegal, but affect on society as a whole? Farm animals are slaughtered everyday and used for food, cosmetics, and even clothing products which enter the economy and are then provided to us for our use and consumption. The treatment of these animals before slaughter is horrifying, and yet this industry seems to be protected from revealing this information from the public.
In seven states today, ag-gag laws exist. These laws prohibit individuals from entering an animal or research facility to take pictures by photograph, video camera or other means with the intent to commit criminal activities or defame the facility or its owner.
In Animal Legal Defense Fund et. al. v. Otter et. al., the Plaintiffs challenged Idaho’s ag-gag law arguing that it conflicts with individual rights provided by the U.S. Constitution. They acknowledge that although property rights should be recognized, these rights should not trump one’s freedom of speech and expression. The ag-gag statute in Idaho criminalizes whistle blowing investigations at these farms. Animal Legal Defense Fund, along with various organizations and other individuals, argue that the statute is specifically aimed at journalists and animal advocates who are looking to expose these conditions. The State argues that this law should escape First Amendment scrutiny because it affects a broad component of commerce and regulates all individuals, not just undercover investigations.
The State filed a motion for summary judgment to dismiss these claims and it was granted, except for the Equal Protection claim made by ALDF, which survives. “The State therefore must justify a need to serve its interest in protecting private property through targeting protected speech. Laws that restrict more protected speech than necessary violate the First Amendment.” The Court agrees that this law does not escape scrutiny solely because it is “generally applicable.” In the Memorandum Decision and Order dated September 4, 2014, the District Court acknowledges that this law does in fact raises serious constitutional issues, such as free speech and equal protection, which cannot go unaddressed.
Day after day, we remain unaware of the horrors that exist in these factory farms. Piglets are kicked and brutalized before they even reach the point of slaughter, cows are forced to remain standing for hours on end and hens are packed into cages with no room to move. This case has great potential to do great things for animals in agriculture. Ignorance is bliss may no longer be the standard. If these ag-gag laws are eventually overturned and are further prohibited by other states, this brutality will become reality for many.