Posted on May 20, 2016 by delcianna
Delcianna J. Winders, Academic Fellow, Animal Law & Policy Program, Harvard Law School
[This piece originally appeared in the Houston Chronicle.]
With more tigers in American backyards, basements and bathrooms than the wild, it’s worth pausing on Endangered Species Day to consider whether new federal protections for tigers are enough.
On May 6, just days after a tiger that had apparently been used for photo-ops in Florida was found roaming the streets of Conroe following last month’s floods, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service closed a loophole in its Endangered Species Act regulations. After nearly two decades of looking the other way while hundreds of captive tigers are trafficked in the United States every year, the agency began treating tigers the same as other endangered wildlife.
But the agency’s permitting policies may critically limit the impact of this change.
To protect imperiled species like tigers, the Endangered Species Act prohibits a host of activities, including importing, exporting, selling, killing, harming, harassing and wounding protected wildlife, whether captive or wild. Continue reading
Filed under: animal law, Conservation, endangered species, environmental law, exotic animals | Tagged: animal law, endangered species | 3 Comments »
Posted on May 12, 2016 by David
Joyce Tischler, founder and general counsel, Animal Legal Defense Fund
African elephants are running out of time. Homo sapiens, a species that by most accounts is overpopulating the planet, is brutally killing elephants at the rate of 96 per day. By some estimates, African elephants will be extinct in approximately one decade. Every elephant death is disturbing and the thought of
no more wild elephants is beyond comprehension. The inane reason we are killing them is to seize their tusks—ivory, a coveted product that is valued by humans more highly than live elephants. You may already know that. So, here’s some promising news:
On April 30, 2016, Kenya burned 105 tons of ivory, along with over one ton of rhino horns and the confiscated skins of thousands of other wild animals in a strong public statement of support and respect for its native
Photo by Tim Gorski
wildlife. This burning has been captured on video by Tim Gorski, a documentary filmmaker who is currently working on the elephant issue.
It’s eerie to watch these videos and realize that each pair of tusks belonged to someone (not something) who was highly intelligent and social, and Continue reading
Filed under: animal advocacy, animal ethics, endangered species, environmental law | Tagged: animal advocacy, elephants, endangered species, environmental ethics, ivory | 11 Comments »
Posted on June 29, 2015 by David
This past March, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service approved the request to import “trophies” of two American hunters These “trophies” will be the remains of two dead black rhinos after a scheduled hunt in Namibia. Black rhinos are listed as critically endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Therefore, approving such a request requires that the import will enhance the species’ survival. Since 2003, Namibia has enforced the Black Rhino Conservation Strategy which authorizes the killing of five male rhinos annually to stimulate population growth. When considering the request, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service experienced an “unprecedented” level of public involvement.
Rhinos are not the only animals targeted in these trophy hunts. All megafauna of the African ecosystem are available for the hunt. The African lion population has been in a serious decline, prompting individuals and organizations to demand that the species be listed as endangered under the ESA. Studies have shown that trophy hunting is a direct cause to this decline, albeit not the only cause.
Trophy hunting has come under severe criticism by environmentalists, animal rights activists, and the general public. Trophy hunters, like those involved in Continue reading
Filed under: animal law, endangered species, environmental law, Uncategorized | Tagged: Black Rhino, Black Rhino Conservation Strategy, conservation, endangered species, environmental law, Trophy hunters, trophy hunting, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service | 1 Comment »
Posted on June 26, 2015 by David
Tigers have captured the hearts of millions and are one of the lucky species about whom society has decided has decided to care. They fall into the category of “charismatic megafauna” alongside pandas, elephants, and polar bears. To get into that category is exceptionally rare. For most species, not enough people care about their plight to result in a change of circumstances for the species. Ironically, even though tigers are plastered on the cover of the gifts World Wildlife Fund gives to members, on shirts, jewelry, and a whole host of other things, the tigers still face a very real danger that has yet to be solved. Siberian Tigers are in particular danger.
Although Vladimir Putin claims to want to save the tigers, Continue reading
Filed under: animal advocacy, animal law | Tagged: endangered species, environmental advocacy, environmental law, poaching, Siberian Tigers, tigers | 2 Comments »
Posted on February 1, 2014 by Seth
Taking further steps in the right direction, Merck, one of the largest drug producers in the world, announced last month that it is ending research on chimpanzees. Kathleen Conlee, vice president of animal research issues for The HSUS said: “Merck’s new biomedical research policy will save chimpanzees from unnecessary and painful experiments. Merck’s decision, and that of several other pharmaceutical companies, sends a strong message that private industry is moving away from chimpanzee research as the government has.”
Merck has made this commitment while simultaneously stating, “The company’s mission is to discover, develop, manufacture and market innovative medicines and vaccines that treat and prevent illness. Animal research is indispensable to this mission.” While that quotation ominously suggests that other animals will continue to be a part of the company’s research, the more hopeful interpretation is that while Merck relies on animal testing under FDA regulations for its drugs and other products, it joins other pharmaceutical companies recognizing that even though chimps might be valuable to this research, their welfare is more important, and other ways to test the products should be utilized.
Filed under: animal cruelty, animal ethics, animal experimentation, animal welfare, endangered species, exotic animals | Tagged: animal advocacy, animal cruelty, animal ethics, animal experimentation, animal rights, animal suffering, animal testing, animal welfare, animals, chimpanzees, endangered species, Endangered Species Act, exotic animals, HSUS, Merck, pharmaceuticals | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 26, 2013 by David
A recent edition of the ScienceTimes, a section of the NY Times includes several noteworthy animal articles. Elephants Get the Point of Pointing, by Carl Zimmer writes about a new research lead by Dr. Byrne’s suggesting elephants understand human pointing, a rare gift in the animal kingdom. Dr. Byrne’s states, “Even our closest relatives, like chimpanzees, don’t seem to get the point of pointing.” Researchers have done tests, such as putting food in one of two identical containers and then silently point at the one with food. Primates and most other animals studied fail the test, some have done well, such as domesticated mammals, especially dogs. These results have prompted researchers to speculate that during domestication animals evolve to become keenly aware of humans. Dr. Byrne’s began to wonder if elephants would pass the pointing test, so last year one of his students went to Zimbabwe, and for 2 months tested 11 elephants. The study found that 67.5% of the time elephants could follow the pointing. Dr. Byrne’s would also like to study the pointing test on whales and dolphins but thinks “they make elephants look easy to work with.”
Think Elephant International, a not-for-profit organization that str
ives to promote elephant conservation through scientific research and educational programming announced a study on April 17, 2013 co-authored by 12-14 year old students from East Side Middle School in NYC, revealing elephants were not able to recognize visual cues provided by humans, although they were more responsive to voice commends. The study is a three-year endeavor to create a comprehensive middle school curriculum that brings elephant into classrooms as a way to educate young people about conservation by getting them directly involved in work with endangered species. This research tested elephant pointing to find food hidden in one of two buckets, and the elephants failed this Continue reading
Filed under: endangered species, IUCN | Tagged: animal advocacy, conservation, elephants, endangered species, environmentalism, meerkat, moose | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 12, 2013 by David
On October 11, California became the first state to ban lead in hunting ammunition. “Lead poses a danger to wildlife,” said California Governor Jerry Brown in a signing message. “This danger has been known for a long time.” The ban will help to protect a number of mammal and bird species, including the endangered California Condor.
The California Condor nearly went extinct in the 1980s – by 1982, their population had dwindled to twenty-two. Thanks to a successful captive breeding program, that number has increased to 424, but lead from ammunition remains a major threat to their recovery. Continue reading
Filed under: animal law, environmental law | Tagged: animal law, California Condor, endangered species, environmental ethics, environmental law, lead ammunition | 1 Comment »